“You get about 15 minutes between pimples and wrinkles. Enjoy it.” – my mom
Turns out, mom was wrong. While we all expect wrinkles with aging, in menopause, acne can occur or recur for the first time since our teens.
Whether it’s prom night or project presentation day, pimples can suck your self-confidence, and no one’s got time for that. So what’s going on and what do we do about it?
I talked with Dr. David Lortscher, MD, board-certified dermatologist, and creator of Curology. While Dr. Lortscher focuses on individually tailored treatments for acne, he shared with us some information on lifestyle choices that can help women in menopause handle changes in their skin.
Why does acne return in menopause?
As estrogen declines in midlife, so do collagen and elastin, meaning your skin may become thinner, drier, and looser than before. Hence, wrinkles. But estrogen decline also takes with it our skin’s ability to ward off acne.
According to Dr. Lortscher, “As women transition into menopause, as at puberty, a relative predominance of androgens (male-type hormones that all women have) is responsible for acne breakouts in some. In general, androgens stimulate oil production and can worsen acne, while estrogens counter that effect.”
What can we do to treat midlife acne?
As with all things menopausal, there are a variety of treatments ranging from lifestyle changes to over-the-counter or prescription medications, to more significant medical interventions. But many women can control breakouts by making simple changes to diet, getting more sleep, and dealing differently with stress.
Ending midlife acne with lifestyle changes
- Consider reducing or eliminating dairy. Says Dr. Lortscher, “Milk contains precursors to testosterone and other androgens, which influence the hormone receptors in the skin to turn on the process that causes acne. The association with acne is more marked with skim milk than with whole milk, and in those consuming more than 3 portions per week. It is possible that cheese, ice cream, and yogurt may be associated with acne, but the link appears to be stronger with milk. Not everyone responds to avoiding dairy, but it is something to consider.” Dr. Lortscher warns that soy milk may also aggravate breakouts, so it may be a matter of trial and error to find what works best for you.
- Add spearmint tea. For hormonal acne, you might want to try some tea! According to Dr. Lortscher, “Although not proven, there is some convincing evidence that drinking two cups of spearmint tea per day can reduce blood levels of circulating androgens.” However, he cautions tea enthusiasts to stick to just two cups per day, as drinking too much tea can be harmful.
- Boost phytoestrogens. These are the foods that mimic our body’s natural hormone, estrogen, only weaker. Commonly found in soy, seeds, nuts and nut butters, these are good for your collagen, skin, and mood. However, if you have a personal or family history of breast cancer, proceed with caution and check with a doc.
- Ixnay the ugar-shay. Just like when you were a teen, cutting back on sugar (particularly the processed kinds) will help with breakouts. Bonus: reducing processed sugar helps with many other menopausal issues as well.
- Supplement. The Dermstore suggests increasing Vitamins B (folic acid, specifically), C, D, Omega 3s, biotin, and iodine.
Other remedies are ones you’ve heard before: sleep more. Stress less. Stop smoking. Hydrate. By doing a combination of all of the above, you have a strong chance of reducing or eliminating midlife acne, and you will certainly be doing good things for your overall health. Plus, spearmint tea tastes really nice.
For those whose acne doesn’t yield to lifestyle changes, you may also want to consider adding over-the-counter remedies to your skin-care regimen: look for creams that include benzoyl peroxide (but use sparingly, as this can further dry your skin) or salicylic acid to unclog pores. Or go another step to a personalized treatment plan like Curology.